Markdown Primer

"Markdown is a text-to-HTML conversion tool for web writers. Markdown allows you to write using an easy-to-read, easy-to-write plain text format, then convertit to structurally valid XHTML (or HTML)."

—John Gruber,

The Proxmox Backup Server (PBS) web-interface has support for using Markdown to rendering rich text formatting in node and virtual guest notes.

PBS supports CommonMark with most extensions of GFM (GitHub Flavoured Markdown), like tables or task-lists.

Markdown Basics

Note that we only describe the basics here, please search the web for more extensive resources, for example on


# This is a Heading h1
## This is a Heading h2
##### This is a Heading h5


Use *text* or _text_ for emphasis.

Use **text** or __text__ for bold, heavy-weight text.

Combinations are also possible, for example:

_You **can** combine them_


Unordered Lists

Use * or - for unordered lists, for example:

* Item 1
* Item 2
* Item 2a
* Item 2b

Adding an indentation can be used to created nested lists.

Ordered Lists

1. Item 1
1. Item 2
1. Item 3
  1. Item 3a
  1. Item 3b

NOTE: The integer of ordered lists does not need to be correct, they will be numbered automatically.

Task Lists

Task list use a empty box [ ] for unfinished tasks and a box with an X for finished tasks.

For example:

- [X] First task already done!
- [X] Second one too
- [ ] This one is still to-do
- [ ] So is this one


Tables use the pipe symbol | to separate columns, and - to separate the table header from the table body, in that separation one can also set the text alignment, making one column left-, center-, or right-aligned.

| Left columns  | Right columns |  Some  | More | Cols.| Centering Works Too
| ------------- |--------------:|--------|------|------|:------------------:|
| left foo      | right foo     | First  | Row  | Here | >center<           |
| left bar      | right bar     | Second | Row  | Here | 12345              |
| left baz      | right baz     | Third  | Row  | Here | Test               |
| left zab      | right zab     | Fourth | Row  | Here | ☁️☁️☁️              |
| left rab      | right rab     | And    | Last | Here | The End            |

Note that you do not need to align the columns nicely with white space, but that makes editing tables easier.

Block Quotes

You can enter block quotes by prefixing a line with >, similar as in plain-text emails.

> Markdown is a lightweight markup language with plain-text-formatting syntax,
> created in 2004 by John Gruber with Aaron Swartz.
>> Markdown is often used to format readme files, for writing messages in online discussion forums,
>> and to create rich text using a plain text editor.

Code and Snippets

You can use backticks to avoid processing for a few word or paragraphs. That is useful for avoiding that a code or configuration hunk gets mistakenly interpreted as markdown.

Inline code

Surrounding part of a line with single backticks allows to write code inline, for examples:

This hosts IP address is ``.

Whole blocks of code

For code blocks spanning several lines you can use triple-backticks to start and end such a block, for example:

# This is the network config I want to remember here
auto vmbr2
iface vmbr2 inet static
        bridge-ports ens20
        bridge-stp off
        bridge-fd 0
        bridge-vlan-aware yes
        bridge-vids 2-4094